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1 Conflict and Reconciliation ABS-2

A STUDY ON CONFLICTING ISSUES AND POLITICAL CULTURE IN BANGLADESH
Dr. Md. Sultan Mahmud

University of Rajshahi, Rajshahi, Bangladesh


Abstract

After 1991, especially two political parties (Awami League and Bangladesh Nationalist Party-BNP) come to power by turn through popular elections in Bangladesh. Though they form government as coalition or alliance with other small political parties, but they remain as flag bearers. Unfortunately, the regimes have been marked by indiscriminate politicization of government, semi-autonomous and even autonomous offices and institutions, and by corruption and misrule, violations of state laws, which make the governance weak, conflicting political culture and undemocratic in practice. This study is focused on finding the politics of electoral transition and the nature of political culture in the state. This study also reviews the conflicting issues which are obstacles for democratization of Bangladesh. Finally some recommendations have been pointed for the institutionalization of democracy in Bangladesh.

Keywords: Political Culture, Democracy, Elections and Conflicting Issues

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (MD SULTAN MAHMUD)


2 Conflict and Reconciliation ABS-30

Messianism on Menak Reclaiming at Sumedang
Gilang Ramadhan

Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa


Abstract

This research is about how menak reclaim right of landowner from Pemda Sumedang. This case was begin at 1996 when BPN Sumedang set up Land Consolidation (LC) project that must be land acquisition at kelurahan Situ, North Sumedang. In the middle of project there are many mistake in land measurement that resulting in losses of landowners. Not yet over, the project was abandoned until 2010 when local government launching Induk Pusat Pemerintahan Kabupaten Sumedang (IPP) in the same location. Even though the landowner for decades never received a compensation, even utilize their land for farming, business, and build a material when LC and IPP occupy their rights. Obscurity fate of menak that causes them to against Pemda Sumedang for gaining compensation. Therefore this research specifically aims to identify the factors which nurture the resistance movement from among menak, and how it can operated and developed to reach their goals to get compensation.
This research is a qualitative research, designed as a descriptive method. I’ts finding that all the loss that held by menak cant move them onto mass movement, caused of many of elder among them, and the fact that menak had no confrontation culture since feodalism era in Indonesia so that menak delegate their affairs to the youngest ancestry Mr Syawaludin to prosecute they matters to Pemda Sumedang in behalf of menak. This movement has messianism characteristic because just rely on a person of menak ancestry who protests against Pemda Sumedang. Menak reclaiming movement can develop until confrontation with Pemda Sumedang moreover still exist for 20 years can’t be separated from menak culture devotion to elders and keeping trusted. The resistance takes direct state organization incluing Komnas HAM, Ombudsman and letter for President, mass media, even through social media.

Keywords: Reclaiming Movement, Messianism, Menak, Land Tenure

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Gilang Ramadhan)


3 Conflict and Reconciliation ABS-52

From Social Resistance to Political Resolution: Mining Conflict Transformation in Sinjai, Indonesia
Andi Luhur Prianto (a*), Ahmad Harakan (a), Muh. Zaldi Rusnaedy (b), Nurfahmi (a)

a) Department of Government Studies, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Universitas Muhammadiyah Makassar, Indonesia
Jl. Sultan Alauddin No.259 Makassar, Indonesia 90221
*luhur[at]unismuh.ac.id
b) Department of Government Studies, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Pancasakti Makassar, Indonesia
Jl. Jl. Andi Mangerangi No.73, Makassar, Indonesia 90132


Abstract

The wealth of natural resources can be both a blessing and a curse. In various places, the struggle for access to natural resource actually triggers to conflict and violence. This research aims to explore the process of transforming mining conflicts, which involve corporations with local indigenous communities. The gold mining operation that obtained legal permits from the local government was rejected by the local community. This resistance transformed from the social resistance to finally become the political resolution from the local authority. This research was conducted in several individuals and institutions, where they were involved in the resistance movement rejecting gold mining activities in Bonto Katute Village, Sinjai Regency Indonesia. This research is qualitative and data collection through literature studies and field research using observations and interviews and analyzed with interactive models. The results of study showed that the relationship of conflict between the corporation and the local indigenous community was communal level and later developed into a collective movement. The conflict was triggered by the refusal of local indigenous communities to issue mining exploration permits for the corporations, which were considered not transparent and participatory. The change in the strategy of the resistance movement was influenced by efforts to negotiate, mediate and consolidate which were less successful. The strong pressure from the social resistance movement in the form of civil society alliances eventually turned into a political resolution movement, through the decisions of local power institutions.

Keywords: social resistance; political resolition; conflict; mining

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Andi Luhur Prianto)


4 Conflict and Reconciliation ABS-57

Indonesian National Police in Terrorism Handling Policy During Joko Widodos Government: Analysis of Role, Function and Evaluation
Sarah Nuraini Siregar

Centre of Political Studies
Indonesian Institute of Sciences


Abstract

In 1998, Indonesia began to enter the democratic system. The consequence of democratic system in security field is how to create a professional military and police. In police aspects, it is called Democratic Policing. But to realize it is not easy because the ways of police still dominant with element of violence. This was inseparable from the values and military approaches in Polri during the New Order period.

This difficulty occurs when Indonesia faced terrorism cases after the New Order; from Bali Bombings in 2002 until 2018. The trend of terrorism attacks had up and down; starting from suicide bombings until open physical attacks towards public and the police.

Various cases of terrorism that occurred in Indonesia and other countries reopened the review of national security. This review consider the relationship between security and national interests where national interests are a matter of state safety. Based on this assumption, the concept of national security develops with two aspects: military approach and state policy. The relevance of this assumption could be seen on May 25, 2018, when DPR officially ratified The Law No.15 /2003 concerning the Criminal Act of Terrorism.

This law raises two problems. First, the involvement of the TNI in handling terrorism; second, the freedom of authority granted to Polri. This authority can potentially apply a militaristic approach in handling terrorism cases. These problems made some doubts from human rights activists about Polri’s commitment for abandon militaristic ways as part of efforts to create democratic policing.

This paper will examine how the role of Polri in handling terrorism cases during in Joko Widodos government. The review will analyze the role and functions of Polris institution related to the commitment in creating democratic policing on post New Order.

Keywords: police, policy, security, democracy, terroris

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Sarah Nuraini Siregar)


5 Conflict and Reconciliation ABS-77

Social Mapping of Conflict in the Governance of Production Forests in Dharmasraya District, West Sumatra
Abdul Mutolib (a*) and Yonariza (b)

a) University of Lampung
*corresonding author: amutolib24[at]yahoo.com

b) University of Andalas


Abstract

In the last two decades the rate of deforestation in the Kesatun Pengelolaan Hutan Produksi (Production Forest Management Unit of Dharmasraya/ PFMU Dhrmasraya) is very high. Forest cover has been reduced from 90 percent to 15 percent between 2000 and 2018 in the area of 33,000 ha. This study aims to identify the causes of deforestation and map those who play a role in deforestation in the PFMU Dharmasraya region. The research was conducted in the PFMU Dharmasraya, West Sumatra from January 2015 to August 2017. This research used a qualitative research approach with multiple cases method. Data collection techniques were used includes in-depth interview, field observation, documentation, and secondary data analysis. Informants were identified using snowball sampling. Data analyzed with qualitative methods. The study found that deforestation begun since the concession was given to PT. Ragusa with the area of 66,000 ha in 1972, industrial forest concession (HTI) PT. Inhutani of 40,000 ha in 2002, and forest conversion through large scale plantation which started in 1986 covering 19,966 ha. After the end of timber concession in 2002, there was a vacuum condition of forest management by HTI license holders. The vacuum of forest management leads to deforestation initiated by local communities. Deforestation is caused by forest clearing into plantations by local communities who claims the forests as customary community land. Deforestation is supported by the process of buying and selling of communal land by local people to other parties. Generally, there are four actors who have a role in deforestation, including local people, non-local, government and private actors. They are classified as ulayat land sellers, buyers, and supporters. The four actors have created a social network of deforestation and using the customary structures to gain the recognition of forests ownership.

Keywords: concession, deforestation, customary land, local people

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Abdul Mutolib)


6 Conflict and Reconciliation ABS-84

Borneo Dayak Forum International As A Transnational Indigenous Networks Effort To Promote Indigenous Sustainable Living
Yuve K. Sesar (a*), Juliansyah R. Maulana (a), Nada Afra (a)

Faculty of Political and Social Science, Brawijaya University
Jalan Veteran No. 1 , Malang 65145, Indonesia
* yuvekukuhsesar[at]student.ub.ac.id


Abstract

Dayak people are an indigenous community inhabiting the Island of Borneo. They dub thesmeslves as the native and the inheritee of the islands heritage and culture. Before the intrusion colonial influences they were prosperous and great, but now they are ironically struggling to revive and retrace their ancestral heritage in their own home. This paper seeks to explain and analyze the effort of Dayak community to advocate for their rights and culture by developing a transnational advocacy network called Borneo Dayak Forum International to promote a sustainable living. This network serves as a platform that Dayak people capitalize upon to influence policy-making in nation-states in which Dayak people currently inhabit especially in Kalimantan Island. This paper argues BDFI have played significant role in promoting Dayak people agendas in achieving sustainable living, especially in the realm of the preservation of customary law and protection of indigenous lands.

Keywords: dayak; transnational advocacy network; borneo dayak forum international; sustainable living

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Yuve Kukuh Sesar)


7 Conflict and Reconciliation ABS-88

Action of Bela Islam 212; Momentum of Political Awakening and Islamic Economy in Indonesia
Nurprapti Wahyu Widyastuti Dian Purworini Nailun Dawam

Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University


Abstract


The success of the 212 action on 02 December 2016 took place peacefully with the mobilization of millions of Muslims from Indonesia. This action contains a dhikr, speeches from ulama leaders, and closes with Friday prayers at the Monas field, Jakarta. The action requires the Governor of DKI Jakarta to resign from his position. Governor Basuki Tjahaja Purnama (Ahok) is considered to have insulted Muslim because of his statement for a number of people in the Thousand Islands in September 2016 by quoting a verse from the Quran namely Surah Al Maidah verse 51.
This is phenomenal event because it was related to the governors turnover period, where Ahok was one of the strong candidates. Ethnic Chinese are a minority but control the Indonesian economy. Ethnic China which has never occupied a strategic position in government has become an issue laden with conflicts of interest. The majority of Muslims do not want political domination by ethnic Chinese and the alignment of the ruling regime and tend to be authoritarian.
The act of defending Islam 212 was ultimately a political movement of the majority of Muslims against the domination of the dictators of the ruling regime. After the success of the action 212 which was full of brotherhood and togetherness gave rise to the spirit of unity of Islamic in Indonesia. The emergence of various activities in various fields to maintain the spirit of brotherhood among fellow Islamic is one of the most prominent in the economic field. Now, muslim in Indonesia develop a forum for economic struggle to achieve economic independence of the people.
This study aims to see how the act of defending Islam 212 is a trigger for Islamic political and economic resurrection in Indonesia. The study was conducted using the Habermas critical method, where researchers see the power relations in political communication and social structures.

Keywords: Action to defend Islam 212, the rise of Indonesian politics and economy, Islamic politics, Islamic economics

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Nurprapti Wahyu Widyastuti)


8 Conflict and Reconciliation ABS-89

The Role of Ngo’s in the Pattern of Modern International Relations: A Case Study of the Role of the Indonesian Humanitarian Alliance for Myanmar (AKIM) in Handling the Rohingya Ethnic Humanitarian Crisis in Myanmar
Ardli Johan Kusuma (a*), Fernando Ersento Maraden Sitorus (b)

a) Department of International Relations, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Jl. Sunter Permai Raya, Sunter Agung, Tanjung Priok, Jakarta Utara, DKI Jakarta 14350, Indonesia.
*ardli.johan[at]yahoo.com
b) Department of Political science, Universitas 17 Agustus 1945 Jakarta, Jl. Sunter Permai Raya, Sunter Agung, Tanjung Priok, Jakarta Utara, DKI Jakarta 14350, Indonesia.


Abstract

This study discusses the role of NGOS in the case of Indonesian Humanitarian Alliance for Myanmar (AKIM: Aliansi Kemanusian Indonesia Untuk Myanmar) in handling humanitarian crises experienced by Rohingya ethnic groups in Myanmar. This phenomenon in Myanmar is interesting when NGO S (AKIM) is able to contribute when state actors and IGO S get a blockade from the Myanmar government. In this case NGOS in the pattern of modern international relations is able to show a role that cannot be carried out by the state or international organizations between state governments (IGO’S). The phenomenon shows that NGO S has more access to enter in the settlement of cases of humanitarian crises experienced by Rohingya ethnic groups in Myanmar, after the Myanmar government gave a blockade against other countries and IGO S included denial of the assistance offered by the United Nations. The method used in this study is to use a qualitative paradigm by using a case study strategy to observe the symptoms that occur. While in data collection researchers use study documents or known as librarian research as well as by conducting in-depth interviews with pre-determined sources, who are considered to have the capacity theoretically, as well as practically. After that the data is processed with interpretive analytical techniques to draw conclusions and to formulate the model to be made in this study.

Keywords: NGO’S; Rohingya ethnic; Humanitarian crisis; Pattern of Modern International Relations

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Ardli Johan Kusuma)


9 Conflict and Reconciliation ABS-101

DYANAMICS OF URBAN REGIME IN SPATIAL CITY (CASE STUDY OF CONSTRUCTION OF RECLAMATION PANTURA JAKARTA)
Zainul.Sukrin Abidin

Indonesia University


Abstract

The development policy of the reclamation area is an important part of spatial city in the urban regime. But The policy of reclamation of the north coast of Jakarta (pantura reclamation) in urban regimes is not almost researched by the scolars. As like, dyanamics of urban regime in spatial city in policy of construction of pantura reclamation of Jakarta. In urban regime theory, that are three typologies of urban regime. First, the instrumental regime. The goal is to realize the program and the motives of the results. Second, the symbolic regime. The typology of this regime discusses and motives for expressive political portrayals. Third, the organic regime. Organic regime to perpetuate the status quo. In urban regimes, the effectiveness of regime policies is influenced by the actions of actors of power in urban regimes. To be effective, governments must blend their capacities with those of various non governmental actors. But the non-government actor as like the developer (businessman) is dominance in policy of pantura reclamation. The dominance of businessmen in the policy of Jakartas pantura reclamation creates a broad political and economic conflict, between society, actors, and the state. So the impact of the dominance of businessmen in policy of urban spatial planning in Jakarta to be not effective. The conclusion in this study supports the theory of the urban regime of Clerence Stone and about Garry Stoker.

Keywords: Urban Regime, Spatial City, Actors, Reclamation.

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Zainul Abidin)


10 Corruption and Clientelism ABS-6

Corruption and Patron clients (Interpreting The Case of Shadow State in Banten)
Amalia Syauket

Fakulty of Law, Universitas Bhayangkara Jakarta Raya.


Abstract

The Post New Order period of 1999 until 2010 Indonesia had turned into the political system of democracy, on the other hand it still strived against the legacy of the regimes patrimonialism of new order. One of characteristics of the government administration in the period of democracy transition was the emerging phenomenon of shadow state.

The shadow of state in Banten was supported by two main pillars, namely Patronage and kinship, which was transformed into official state political administration. Not surprisingly, power centers within the state organizational structure are dominated by political elites who need patronage and kinship relations. So inevitably, shadow states that rely on patronage and kinship are very easy to slip into corrupt practices.

The implementation of local government showed that bureaucracy in Indonesia was still cuffed by politics that is still far from excellent. Among the cuff politics suspected of taking hostage of the bureaucracy is the practice of the shadow of the state. The shadow states practiced by the Governor of Ratu Atut Chosiyah in Banten became a model of acute corruption practices in government institutions and state political institution, where corruption practices operate in a structured and organized manner within the local government system.

The main purpose in this paper is to explain the shadow state relied on patronage and kinship tend to slip into corrupt practices. Banten led by the Governor Ratu Atut Chosiyah is a perfect example of the shadow state practice.

Keywords: Corruption, Patron client, Shadow state.

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Amalia Syauket)


11 Corruption and Clientelism ABS-28

the impact of government transfers and expenditure assignments as part of fiscal decentralization on the level of corruption: Evidence from Indonesia
Riya Dwi Handaka (a), Ibrahim Harriadi (b)

a. Polytechnic Of State Finance STAN, Jalan Bintaro Utama V, Tangerang Selatan, Indonesia
b. Ministry Of Finance of RI, Jalan Wahidin Raya No.1, Jakarta Pusat, Indonesia


Abstract

Since 1999 Indonesia has provided as much autonomy as possible. Regional autonomy is provided together with funding through fund transfers and also flexibility in the budget. Fund transfers from the central government are used by local governments to fund expenditures in accordance with the desired needs. But on the other hand, the provision of authority makes the amount of corruption in Indonesia increase. In this study, it aims to examine the effect of central government fund transfers and expenditure assignments as part of fiscal decentralization on the level of corruption in Indonesia. This study is a quantitative study with analysis using the most unusual multiple linear regression with a fixed effect model. The object of this research is all provinces in Indonesia by taking data from 4 years 2013-2016. The results of this study prove that balancing funds or transferring funds and expenditure assignment which are the measurement of fiscal decentralization in this study have a positive and significant influence on the level of corruption in Indonesia.

Keywords: Transfer Fund; expenditure assignment; fiscal decentralization; level of corruption

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (riya dwi handaka)


12 Corruption and Clientelism ABS-34

"JURIDICAL ANALYSIS OF CRIMINAL ACTS OF CORRUPTION WITH THE USE OF SOCIAL ASSISTANCE FUNDS IN THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND CULTURE" (DECISION OF THE SERANG STATE COURT No.25/Pid.Sus-TPK/2017/PN.SRG)
Kafurta Sutaarga, S.H., M.H

STISIP Setia Budhi Rangkas Bitung


Abstract

This research is to find out the application of Corruption Crimes committed by the Defendant in collecting from the Social Assistance Fund at the Ministry of Education and Culture according to Decision No. 25/Pid.Sus/2017/PN.SRG. This study uses Juridical-Empirical Research method, namely research that uses two ways, namely library research and field research, and data collection techniques used, namely data that has been collected both primary data sources and secondary data sources. The results of this study Defendants were proven to have violated Pasal 2 ayat 1 Jo Pasal 18 Undang-Undang Nomor 31 Tahun 1999 as amended by Undang-Undang Nomor 20 tahun 2001 as amended by Act Number 20 of 2001 concerning Eradication of Corruption Crime Jo Pasal 55 ayat 1 ke-1 KUHP is cut/collect social assistance funds from recipients of social assistance on the grounds that there are fees paid to the center and the social assistance funds that are deducted/collected will be distributed again to the central person or the Indonesian Ministry of Education and Culture who manages the search for social assistance, Technical Guidelines for Distribution of Social Assistance in 2015 in Chapter V concerning Supervision and Complaints in Point B concerning Complaints in the Contents "To Obtain No Social Assistance Funds Charged by Anyone" and Article 4 paragraph 6 Republic of Indonesia Minister of Finance Regulation Number 81/PMK.05/2012 which contains "Social assistance provided by the Social Assistance Giver is not to be taken by the Provider of social assistance. The Defendants act has benefited the Defendant and has caused State Finance losses of 230,354,000 (two hundred thirty million Three hundred fifty four thousand rupiahs) and the Corruption Courts decision at the Serang District Court the defendant was sentenced to 2 (two) years prison is lighter than the prosecutors demands, namely 4 (four) years in prison;

Keywords: Corruption, Collection

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (KAFURTA SUTAARGA)


13 Corruption and Clientelism ABS-41

Effect of Fiscal Desentralization and Region-wide Corruption Level in Indonesia
Edy Anan

Accounting Program Study
University of Amikom Yogyakarta


Abstract

Many parties suspect that there is an in-between relationship of fiscal decentralization and the corruption level in the regencies and city. This study aims to examine the effect of fiscal decentralization on the city-wide corruption level in Indonesia. This study used the General Allocation Fund (Dana Alokasi Umum or DAU) of the regency and city, age of regency and city, and location of regency and city as the control variables. The population of this research is all regencies and cities in Indonesia. As the data sources, we used the secondary data. The research sample was selected using the purposive sampling method.
Hypothesis testing uses multiple regression analysis, the coefficient of determination test (R2), and partial test (t-test). The statistical test results of the significance level of fiscal decentralization of the corruption level is 0.016 smaller than the significance level of 0.05 (5%). This result shows that fiscal decentralization has a significant effect on the corruption level of regencies and city in Indonesia. The statistical significance level results for the control variable are regency and city’s DAU of 0.081, age of regency and city of 0.221, and regency and city location of 1.222. This means that the DAU, age, and location of regencies and cities have no significant effect on the corruption level of regencies and cities in Indonesia.

Keywords: Fiscal Decentralization, Corruption Level, Regency and City

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Edy Anan)


14 Corruption and Clientelism ABS-112

Not to Lose the Battle: Striking the balance between Ethics and Innovation in Public Sector
Tutik Rachmawati (a*), Arundina Pratiwi (b), Riswanda (c)

a) Parahyangan Catholic University, Ciumbuleuit 94, Bandung, 40141 *tutikr[at]unpar.ac.id
(b) Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Administrasi Lembaga Administrasi Negara Bandung
(c) Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa


Abstract

Public sectors across the globe are seeing a great pressure to innovate. It is however notorious that public sector organizations have deeply embedded culture of risk aversion (Riley, 2019). Compare to the private sector, the culture of risk aversion in public sector is the result of long-standing belief that ‘failure will not be tolerated’ or zero tolerance for trial and error gone wrong (Reester, 2017). Other factors that inhibit public sector innovation are ranged from restrictive regulations, insufficient funding, lagging technology and limited vision by the leaders.
On the other hand, transparency and accountability is paramount in public sectors. Prerequisite for this is the upheld ethics by all public sector actors. Therefore, horrifying public responses to failed innovation efforts makes it even harder for public sector to innovate. Working on the use of taxpayer money that needs to be justifiable and expected constantly is not an easy job. Nevertheless, without innovation, it will be almost impossible to fulfill the community needs and expectations.
This paper aims at highlighting innovation by Indonesian public sectors particularly at local government level. In doing so, this paper will able to identify the aspect of innovation ecosystem in public sector – what are the significant factors that enable innovation thriving in Indonesian public sector. The second part of the paper will also discuss on how innovation being carried out without contradicting or violating the public ethics. As the result, this paper seek to understand how to strike the balance between ethics and innovation is carried out by public sector actors in Indonesia.
Using survey to public officials in Indonesian local governments, the analysis of this paper benefit from rather wide range of public officials in Indonesia. Survey will be done for those local governments with innovation acknowledged by the ministry of administrative and Bureaucratic Reform of Indonesia. The result of the discussion will be recommendation on how to boost the development of innovation ecosystem while being very considerate to the public ethics upheld.

Keywords: Public Ethics, Public Innovation

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Tutik Rachmawati)


15 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-5

Developing E-Leadership Model for Electronic based Public Service: A Case Study from Cilegon City
Mas Wigrantoro Roes Setyadi (a), Ermaya Suradinata (b), Sampara Lukman (c), Ika Sartika (d)

a) Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri, Jatinangor, email: maswig[at]gmail.com
b) Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri, Jatinangor, email: ermaya_suradinata[at]ipdn.ac.id
c) Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri, Jatinangor, email: sampara_lukman[at]updn.ac.id
d) Institut Pemerintahan Dalam Negeri, Jatinangor, email: ika_sartika[at]ipdn.ac.id


Abstract

Interactions that occur between Bureaucratic Leadership, Electronic Government Implementation, and Quality of Public Services, are in accordance with the definition of e-Leadership stated by Avolio and Kahai (2002). Furthermore, the proposed Public Service Bureaucracy e-Leadership model follows a new study trend with strategic leadership, collective leadership, digital leadership, and leadership development. The Public Service Bureaucracy e-Leadership model in Cilegon was built using a combination of ASOCA variables with strategic factors derived from all dimensions in the bureaucratic leadership variables, Electronic Government Implementation, and Quality of Public Services. One of the strengths of this model is that there is a control process (feedback process) in the form of a feedback line to ensure the condition of each element forming this model in accordance with the criteria that should be. The model is basically congruent with a plan that can be said to be good if it has been executed showing success. The execution of the Public Service Bureaucracy e-Leadership model requires that the Bureaucracy Leaders understand and undermine ICT, the Bureaucracy implements Electronic Government, and Public Services organized by government institutions utilize Electronic Government.

Keywords: The Bureaucratic Leadership, Electronic Government Implementation, Quality of Public Services, E-leadership

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Mas Wigrantoro Roes Setyadi)


16 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-7

THE INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY-BASED PLANNING AND BUDGETING SYSTEM IN THE REGIONAL GOVERNMENT OF BANTEN PROVINCE INDONESIA
Delly Maulana1, Endang Larasati2, Sri Suwitri2, Kismartini2

1Department of Public Administration, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Universitas Serang Raya,
Banten, Indonesia
2 Public Administration Doctoral Program, Faculty of Social and Political Sciences, Diponegoro University, Semarang, Indonesia


Abstract

Transparency and accountability in the process of budget policy-making are two of the necessary principles which are conducted through the transparent presentation of information which is accessible to the public. The reason is that every use of funds must be accountable for its utilization of the resources managed to obtain a predetermined result. This condition also enables all the actors to criticize, discuss, and give suggestions so that in the future the regional budgeting policy could have improved quality and be aligned to the people’s wishes. Currently, the budgeting policy-making process in the Regional Government of Banten Province already employs the Planning, Budgeting, and Reporting Management Information System Application (SIMRAL). SIMRAL is an application recommended by the Corruption Eradication Commission (KPK) in collaboration with the Agency for the Assessment and Application of Technology (BPPT) as the application provider. This information technology is believed to be able to guarantee the transparency and accountability of regional financial management. Therefore, this article attempts to describe the information technology-based planning and budgeting process in the Regional Government of Banten Province and to assess whether it had a positive contribution to in creating transparency and accountability and in minimizing corrupt practices in Banten Province. The research method employed in the current study was a qualitative method with data analysis using the NVivo 12 plus software.

Keywords: Planning, Budgeting, Information Technology, and Budgeting Policy

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Delly Maulana)


17 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-8

Democracy in Crisis: Civic Freedom in Contemporary Indonesia
Auradian Marta (a*), Leo Agustino (b), (c) Baskoro Wicaksono

a) Department of Government Studies, Universitas Riau, Indonesia, Email:auradian_unri[at]yahoo.com
b) Department of Public Administration, Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa, Banten, Indonesia
c) Department of Government Studies, Universitas Riau, Indonesia


Abstract

Civic freedom is the principle of modern democracies. A report from The Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) in 2018 explained that the civil liberties index in Indonesia had a very sharp decline. This has caused the quality of democracy in Indonesia to decline. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to explain why civic freedom in Indonesia is in crisis? This study uses a qualitative method with the theory-driven approach. The data is obtained from books, scientific journals, and mass media. Analysis of data in this study from data reduction, to data organization and data interpretation. Civic freedom in Indonesia are currently experiencing a crisis caused by (1) "silencing" of freedom of expression; (2) Restrictions and violations of the freedom of association and assembly; and (3) discriminatory actions and violence that occur in the implementation of freedom of religion or belief. The conclusion is that threats and violations of civic freedom have made democracy in Indonesia is in a crisis and increasingly away from the practice of consolidation democracy.

Keywords: democracy; crisis; civic freedom; Indonesia

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (AURADIAN MARTA)


18 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-12

Environmental Movement Against Mining Exploration: Case Study of Komunitas Masyarakat Bojonegara Peduli Lingkungan (KMBPL) in Banten, Indonesia
M Dian Hikmawan, Ika Arinia Indriyany, Yeby Ma’asan Mayrudin,

Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa


Abstract

This research describes a social movement conducted by KMBPL (Komunitas Masyarakat Bojonegara Peduli Lingkungan), this movement (KMBPL) against the mining activity of excavation C in Bojonegara, Serang regency. This movement was born from the phenomenon of environmental destruction caused by mining excavation C in Bojonegara. The impact of this industrial activity is destruction of mountain in Bojonegara area, this study using social movement theory through phenomenological approach, the result of this research shows that environmental movement by KMBPL actively against mining activity. For several times they are try to stopped the mining activity and blocking the area. The result from this research shows that Banten as emerging province in Indonesa must engage the civil society movement especially in environment issues and KMBPL in this studies succeed to defense their commitment for better environment, it could be a model to organize movement in environmental issues in Banten.



Keywords: Social movement, Environment, Mining exploration

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (M Dian Hikmawan)


19 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-16

Critical Analysis on Entrepreneurial Strategies on Drug Abuse in Indonesia
Riswanda, M.Retno Daru Dewi

Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa
National Narcotics Board of the Republic of Indonesia; Doctorate Candidate, Public Administration Department, Universitas Padjadjaran


Abstract

Public entrepreneurship focus on the initiatives by government that are reflecting the characteristics of government to be innovative, able to seize opportunities, willing to take risks and exercising discretion to achieve the public interest. This study explores how actors in government and in non-government exercised the entrepreneurial initiatives on preventing and users-rehabilitation of drug prevention programs in Indonesia.

Stigma, labels and stereotypes have always become difficult challenges to address when it comes to various initiatives on preventing and user-rehabilitation of drug abuse in Indonesia. The work and the scale of the National Narcotics Boards (a government unit) and other related non-profit based organisations is a highly risk works.

The high level of danger and the negative consequences of drug prevention programs make all the stakeholders must find an innovative ways of working all the time, the whole time by considering multi-layered aspects of the drug abuse impacts namely health, socio-economic and socio-culture approaches interconnectedly.

Most of the time, the ability to seize the opportunity working in this area is needed. The opportunity to create a join-up programs involving private and social community groups in providing rehabilitation services is vital.

Also, all the stakeholders need to exercise certain level of discretion working in this area. It might be worthwhile to develop frameworks of paying fines as punishments of drug users to fund rehab centres as a product of the join-up programs.

This paper will analyse how four aspects of public entrepreneurship can be found in the work of all the stakeholders in the initiatives on preventing and rehabilitating users of drug abuse in Indonesia.

Keywords: Narcotic; Policy ;Rehabilitation; Stigma

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (retno daru dewi)


20 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-39

Exploring Digital Legislation Concepts and Practices: Inspiration for Indonesia City Government
Bani Pamungkas and Maulana Yusuf

Bakrie University and Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University


Abstract

Abstract—Both in global and local context, cities have become more important politically, economically and socially. With rapid growth of Information and communication technology (ICT) over the last decade, human relations have revolutionized, creating new possibilities of encounter and connectivity, as well the new way for strengthening cities government and citizen relations. The cities government have started to use ICT to foster citizen engagement with broader and deeper contributions in political decision-making process for achieving openness and transparency. Innovative digital and mobile technology facilitate solutions for government to respond demand participation including informing, consulting and engaging citizens during legislation cycle process. However, the development of e-participation in the digital city context still have primary challenge for reaching participation of low-income, older and technology-challenged citizens. This paper tries to elaborates a literature study of conceptual publications on the subject of eParticipation in term of legislation process with the time frame of 2013–2018. Its objectives are to track recent theoretical and practical development in the field, to reveal constraints and limitations the concepts, and to offer some suggestions for city government in Indonesia for developing digital legislation implementation strategy.

Keywords: political participation, cities government, citizen relation, ICT, legislation cycle

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Bani Pamungkas)


21 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-51

The Improvement of E-administration in Indonesia : An Analysis Based on U Theory and Quintuple Helix
ayuning budiati

untirta


Abstract

E-administration in Indonesia has an important role in public service deliveries. It is more efficient, effective, transparent and accountable by using e-administration. However, lack of infrastructure, leaders commitment in an integrated way in all areas in Indonesia, human resource e-literacy and bureaucratic and working culture are still occurred in Indonesia.
This research uses qualitative method and descriptive analysis approach. Data and information are from literature review and interview some informans.
By using theory u that consists of sensing, presencing, and co creating moreover by using Quintuple Helix then e-administration implementation in Indonesia can be improved.

Keywords: Key words: e-administration, Indonesia, theory u, Quintuple Helix

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Ayuning Budiati)


22 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-62

The Construction Context of Indonesian Identity in Germany
Nia Kania Kurniawati

University of Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa


Abstract

This paper aims to reveal the motives, experiences, meanings of the diaspora in Germany. The focus of this paper focuses on (1) Motives for diaspora’s communication in Germany in the Construction Context of Identity (2) The Experience of Diaspora Communication in Germany in the Context of Social Values and Trust 3) Diasporas in Germany interpret cross-cultural communication (4) How the Diaspora Confidence in Communicating in Germany’s views. This paper uses a qualitative approach. Data collection and observation are conducted by in-depth interviews and following the activities of the subject of paper in daily life in Germany. Review documents, in the form of diaries and video documentation and photo documents. In this paper the researcher uses the foundation of phenomenology theory of Alfred Schutz, to explain the experience of the Diaspora in Germany in the context of social values and beliefs, social relational construction theory, to explain the Diaspora communicating motives in Germany, identity negotiation theory (Toomey, 1999) to explain meaning their association with Germans. The model produced in this paper is the Construction Model of the Diaspora Meanings in Germany concerning itself and about the diaspora. Which explains about the identity of the Diaspora to the establishment of cross-cultural communication in Germany.
The results of this study are as follows (1) Diaspora communication motives in Germany, among them are a strong desire to learn German, as an effort to adjust in Germany (2) Communication Experience of Diasporas in Germany includes interactions with families, work colleagues and people Germany in a variety of social and community activities, as well as activities in organizations (3) The meaning of self as the German Diaspora, means that the Diaspora is limited to work, which will someday return to his native land.

Keywords: Diaspora, Germany, Cultural Identity, Cross-Cultural Communication

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Nia Kania Kurniawati)


23 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-65

MPLEMENTATION OF ONE CAREER ONE TRIP PROGRAM (OK TRIP) IN THE SPECIAL PROVINCE OF IBUKOTA (DKI) JAKARTA
Sjafruddin

Padjadjaran University


Abstract

The statement that congestion by reducing private vehicles and improving the function of road volume and capacity, the statement does not apply to the current transportation improvement model, finally the DKI Jakarta Provincial Government fixes transportation modes by building public transportation infrastructure by building MRT and LRT, and improving quality and since Transjakarta has been growing since 2014, the existence of public transportation has not made it easier for passengers to use advanced modes, because there is no integrated route, management and tariff, therefore, since the appointment of the Governor of DKI Jakarta, Mr. Anies Baswedan made a policy on the Ok Trip program. This program aims to integrate Transjakarta buses with angkot in terms of routes, management and tariffs. This program shows success or success with passenger numbers increasing every day, because passengers feel that there is no tariff on angkot or free, and passengers only pay when on the Transjakarta bus by clicking on a Trip card.
This study uses the concept of transparency according to Mardiasmo and Kristianten (2006: 45) is the openness of the government in providing information related to the activities of managing public resources to those in need. In addition to the concept, this study also uses the concept of accountability according to Samual Paul (in Tjahya Supriatna, 2001). Both concepts are used in research to answer research problems as an analysis knife, because the concept will examine and be very in accordance with the phenomenon of the Ok Trip program in the DKI Jakarta Province. The scope of this study only examines the application of the Program. This program study was analyzed by qualitative approach and descriptive method, then how to collect data by interviewing, observing, and analyzing documents, then analyzed by triangulation.
The research findings suggest that the Ok Trip program is very suitable for further development, because the benefits of the program are very useful for passengers and policies to improve transportation in Jakarta, indirectly this program really changes the mindset of operators and drivers to use minimum service standards, and evaluation of city bus rejuvenation. What is certain is that the interests of actors cannot be avoided, because there are differences in explicit interpretations between provit goals and the benefits of the program, therefore, human resources need to be improved by sending HR from PT. Transjakarta, operators, drivers, and provincial comparative studies to other countries, as well as eliminating different perceptions by improving transportation are openness and shared responsibility.

Keywords: Public Policy, Program, Transportation, Organization, Interpretation, Integration, Minimum Service Standards, Socialization.

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Syafruddin Syafruddin)


24 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-68

E-Government Based Public Information Services in the Public Information Openness Framework
Rina Yulianti *), Anis Fuad **)

*) Public Administration Department, Sultan Agung Tirtayasa University
*) Government Studies Department, Sultan Agung Tirtayasa University


Abstract

In obtaining information there are two, first by visiting public bodies directly or through electronics which prioritizes information services through internet media or what is known as e-government. Through e-government media all information related to activities that exist in each organization of regional apparatus can be easily accessed by the community or other bodies that require information services. Its just that in this public information service both directly and through internet media it is often hampered in the updating of data and there is still uncovered information about budget documents and financial reports on the implementation of regional budgets, while transparency is one of the demands in the reform. This is also supported by Law NO. 14 of 2008 concerning public information disclosure. Where the government is demanded to be more transparent. All information must be published both through electronic media, the internet. Except for information that is excluded as set out in the public information disclosure law. E-government-based public information services can also expand public participation where the community is allowed to be actively involved in making decisions and policies by the government. The aim is so that people can get information easily, safely and quickly

Keywords: Public Information Services, E-Government, KIP

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Rina Yulianti)


25 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-69

Womens Digital Literacy Capacity in Against of Gender Based Violence in the Cyberspace and Against Hoax in Serang City
Shanty Kartika Dewi *), Anis Fuad *), Titi Stiawati **)

*) Government Studies Department, Sultan Agung Tirtayasa University
**) Public Administration Department, Sultan Agung Tirtayasa University


Abstract

The research is motivated by the low level of Womens Digital Literacy in Indonesia. According to the World Wide Web Foundations main report entitled "Womens Rights Online", gender inequality in the digital field is quite significant in Indonesia, on average only 20% of Indonesian women have internet access, of whom only 26% express their opinions online and only 5% get information on the website regarding their rights. Phenomenon that occurs, Harassment and violence against women today not only occur in the real world also occur in cyberspace. Serang City as the capital of Banten Province in the use of the Internet is still low compared to three regions in the East Banten region such as Tangerang City, South Tangerang City and Tangerang Regency, which amounted to 41.26%. Womens Internet users in Serang City were also low at only 39.06%. Therefore it is necessary to do research on digital literacy in the city of Serang related to gender violence and the spread of hoax among women.

Keywords: Womens Digital Literacy, Against of Gender Based Violence in the Cyberspace, Against Hoax

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Shanty Kartika Dewi)


26 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-70

Smart City E-Leadership Model: Comparative in Tangerang City and Cilegon City
Anis Fuad, Shanty Kartika Dewi

Government Studies Department, Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University


Abstract

This research is motivated by the high level of government innovation by introducing the application of Smart City in almost All Regency and Municipalities in Banten. In some cities in Banten Province, Tangerang City and Cilegon City are two regions that are ready to run smart cities and are preparing smart cities. One aspect that influences the successful implementation of Smart City is e-leadership. This study compares the ability and quality of the e-leadership of the two cities in adopting Smart City. This study uses a mixed method to explore data to construct an e-leadership model in implementing Smart City policies in Tangerang City and Cilegon City

Keywords: Smart City, e-leadership, Comparative

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Anis Fuad)


27 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-76

DIGITAL TECHNOLOGY APPLICATION POLICY IN SUPPORTING DIGITAL ERA OF EDUCATIONAL INDUSTRY IN POLITEKNIK NEGERI BANDUNG AND SMAN 24 BANDUNG
Dr. Mia Rosmiati, S.IP., M.Si.

Bandung State Polytechnic (POLBAN)
Jln. Gegerkalong Hilir Ds. Ciwaruga Bandung 40012
Telp. (022) 2013789 Fax. (022) 2013889
Email. polban[at]polban.ac.id


Abstract

Abstract
This study was aimed to determine the extent of the implementation of digital technology application in the education field, especially in Politeknik Negeri and SMAN 24 Bandung . The method used was a qualitative research design because the researcher seek to observe and express in depth what is happening in reality and will observe more and explore the behavior of the object being studied and also the policy of this digital technology application. The results of the study showed that Politeknik Negeri Bandung and SMAN 24 Bandung has implemented digital technology in almost all fields. It can be concluded that the policy for the application of digital technology needs to be implemented thoroughly in order to spread evenly in all fields that are the object of policy. In addition, there needs to be an effort to prepare Human Resources who are able to keep abreast of the times through the application of information technology in the education field.

Keywords: Application, Digital Technology, Education, Policy Implementation

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Mia Rosmiati)


28 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-93

GOVERNMENT MANAGEMENT IN LOCAL TAXES PANDEGLANG DISTRICT
Bayu Nurrohman

Universitas Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa


Abstract

This research examines the management of government carried out by the government of Pandeglang district through the regional tax service agency Pandeglang district. This study aims to find out how much the role of the Pandeglang district government in optimizing the potential of local taxes owned to be able to increase the regional income of Pandeglang Regency. The research method used in this study is a qualitative research method using a descriptive approach. Data collection uses In-depth interviewing techniques to informants with purposive sampling, then field observations and documentation studies to support accurate data and facts.
The results of the study show that: (1) In the planning stages the Regional Tax Service Agency has carried out planning activities well. This is evidenced by the program that has been established in increasing local tax revenues. The local tax revenue optimization program has been set, has realistic and visionary goals, objectives, and strategies in solving local tax problems in Pandeglang Regency (2) In the organizing stage, in the program to optimize regional tax revenues, Pandeglang Regent and Head of Regional Tax Service Agency has formed a team in implementing the program. Teams are formed with clear main tasks and functions so that they can carry out their tasks properly. (3) In the implementation stage, the strategy that has been set has been carried out properly. This can be seen from the progress of the program that has begun to show improvements in tax services to the community. However, the results are still not maximal because they have not been able to achieve the realization of this years target. (4) In the supervision phase, it has been carried out properly because the Regent carries out supervision through the Head of the Regional Tax Service Agency of Pandeglang Regency. While the supervision of the Regional Tax Service Agency is monitoring the activities of optimizing the increase in local tax revenues from the program team leader.

Keywords: Government Management, Local Taxes

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Bayu Nurrohman)


29 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-94

What Netizens Talk About Jakarta Riot?: Content Analysis of #aksi22mei on Indonesian Twittersphere
Yearry Panji Setianto

Sultan Ageng Tirtayasa University


Abstract

This paper explores how the Indonesian public react to the 22 May Riot in Jakarta following the official announcement by the Indonesian Election Committee (Komisi Pemilihan Umum, KPU) on the result of the 2019 Presidential and Legislative Election. Eight people died, more than 200 were injured and 300 protesters were arrested following the riot. Using content analysis of ‘big data’ by collecting approximately 100,000 Twitter posts on related hashtags within the timeframe May 22 to 30, 2019, the author found that Indonesian netizens express their anger and disagreement with the protesters, who were also attacking the police and destroying public facilities near the demonstration venue in Sarinah, Jakarta. Accordingly, the online conversations on Twitter were emerged via three primary hashtags, #TangkapPRABOWO, #TangkapAmienRais and #TangkapDalangKerusuhan that were mostly focusing on demanding the Indonesian police to arrest Prabowo and Amien Rais—two prominent political figures who are said to be responsible for the demonstrations that led into riots. Indeed, Prabowo’s supports were posting counter narratives using #DukungPRABOWO and #PrayForIndonesiaDemocracy that have functions not only to back up this president candidate who has lost in the election but also to call for a wider public attention on the issue that the Indonesian democracy is in danger due to cheating issues during the election process—as argued by the supporters.

Keywords: Indonesia, digital citizenship, election, political hashtag, big data

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (Yearry Panji Setianto)


30 Digital Governance and Citizenship ABS-96

Global Value Chain 4.0 for economic, social, and environmental upgrading: The experience of Indonesian palm oil
B. Endo Gauh Perdana

Faculty of Social and Political Sciences Gadjah Mada University
Jalan Socio Justicia No.1, Bulaksumur, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia


Abstract

The Industrial Revolution 4.0 endorses a high-speed transfer of information that promotes digitalization and innovation across many sectors of industries allowing them to thrive by increasing productivity, profitability, product quality and performance. However, the utilization of digital technology, especially in agricultural sector where sustainability practices are essential to be addressed, requires effective governance for upgrading strategies. As one of the main export commodities and a key driver of the economy, the palm oil industry in Indonesia is in alert to face challenges brought by the Fourth Industrial Revolution. This research draws from the latest work of Gerrefi and Joonkoo Lee on Global Value Chain. In the framework of horizontal industrial cluster and vertical global value chain governance, the theory examines how governance and upgrading trajectories produces economic upgrading which correlates to social and environmental upgrading. This research, then argues that the role of technology supports as well as accelerates the upgrading strategies. A set of data are collected from literature of multidisciplinary perspectives in addition to statistical data on the palm oil industry. The GVC analysis of Indonesian palm oil industry will be used as a map to understand the complexity of how actors operate in every cluster of governance. Economic upgrading is not always associated with social and environmental upgrading. Therefore, a strong linkage between actors suggests that the Fourth Industrial Revolution is relevant and essential to enhance synergy to cater for economic, social and environmental dimensions in order to harness the potential of sustainable development.

Keywords: global value chain, governance, upgrading, palm oil

PermaLink | Plain Format | Corresponding Author (B. Endo Gauh Perdana)


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